Plant Encyclopedia

White Shield Osage Orange

Maclura pomifera 'White Shield'

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White Shield Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera 'White Shield') at Ted Lare Design and Build

White Shield Osage Orange

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  35 feet

Spread:  35 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  4a

Other Names:  Hedge Apple, Horse Apple

Brand:  J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.


A both fruitless and thornless cultivar that will eventually form a broad, rounded crown; heat and drought tolerant, with remarkably dark green, glossy foliage that turns yellow in fall; may be maintained as a dense hedge or screen as well

Ornamental Features

White Shield Osage Orange has attractive dark green deciduous foliage on a tree with a round habit of growth. The glossy heart-shaped leaves are highly ornamental and turn an outstanding yellow in the fall.

Landscape Attributes

White Shield Osage Orange is a dense deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and should only be pruned in summer after the leaves have fully developed, as it may 'bleed' sap if pruned in late winter or early spring. It has no significant negative characteristics.

White Shield Osage Orange is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Shade
  • Hedges/Screening
  • Windbreaks and Shelterbelts

Planting & Growing

White Shield Osage Orange will grow to be about 35 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 35 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selection of a native North American species.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Accent  Shade  Screening  Windbreak 
Foliage Color  Fall Color 
Ornamental Features

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